A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH CURRICULUM 2006 AND SINGLE NATIONAL CURRICULUM 2020 USING ECLECTIC MODEL
The purpose of this research is to compare the English school curricula of 2006 and the Single National Curriculum (SNC) of 2020 in Pakistan. In the past, English was taught as a subject with a focus on literature, but the SNC prioritizes communication skills like reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Previous research on curricula has not analyzed the effectiveness of these two curricula based on existing curriculum development frameworks. This study uses a qualitative research design to compare the two curricula using an eclectic model. The analysis framework is based on the Tyler, Taba, Grave, Nicholl, Saylor & Alexander, and Twenty Principles of Language Teaching of Nation and Macalister models of curriculum development. The results show that the curriculum has undergone significant changes and updates with a focus on improving the teaching and learning process, developing language skills, and incorporating advanced technological methods like ICT. Additionally, assessment and evaluation tools and methods have been added, and teacher training has been given more attention and elaboration in the SNC compared to the 2006 curriculum. This study highlights the importance of curriculum revision efforts and their successful implementation in achieving national and societal goals. By prioritizing curriculum development and ensuring effective implementation, the education system can remain relevant and effective in preparing learners for future challenges.
Keywords: Curriculum reforms, Comparative analysis, Single national curriculum, eclectic model.
Copyright (c) 2023 Mohsin Tajammul, Nimra Rafiq, Namra Fazal
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