In Pakistan population growth rate has increased drastically, in the recent years. It is the matter of serious concern for a country like Pakistan because the economy of the state lies in the agricultural sector and urban expansion is threatening our sustainable farming. With the expansion of urbanization, fertile land is shrinking which leads to economic devolution. People use to migrate from rural to urban areas in large number in recent years, due to the availability of better opportunities including better health and education services, good transportation and communication and a better livelihood in urban regions, this resulted in the shortage of fertile land in country. This paper is written through systemic literature review of recently published 20 articles. Secondary data is collected by examining data from Google scholar, and JStore. This data was collected, reviewed and analyzed to find out the causes, results, impacts and the consequences of urbanization. This article highlights the significance of proper urban planning, sustainable farming practices and prosperity of agriculture sector in the country. The review of the studies revealed that one major reason is the development of housing societies which focused more fertile land being consumed to ensure better life standards. Reduced agriculture land has affected the economy by increasing the dependence on imports of food products to fulfill the local demand affected the economy of country. Through proper urban planning and better housing policies we can spare more land for agricultural use. It will make us less dependent on imports and lead to a sustainable economy.